Bed Bug Fumigation
Bed bug fumigation is an option which can be considered for infested materials or structures.
Fumigation is not the general application of a pest control product, but rather the process of sealing infested areas and applying a gas that is registered for use by the federal and state governments. Bed bug fumigation is thorough and can control live insects and bed bug eggs. Fumigation has a long history of success against insects including bed bugs.
Sulfuryl fluoride is the most common fumigant used to control bed bugs. This material is a gas and is released into an infested area or materials using very controlled procedures. Homeowners cannot purchase sulfuryl fluoride.
Bed bug fumigation can only be conducted by a properly licensed company that has specially trained technicians. Fumigation usually requires vacating the property several days while the structure is being fumigated.
When fumigating, the gas penetrates all cracks and crevice in the fumigated area. Special care must be taken to make sure that the temperature and gas concentration are correct, and that there is adequate security so that no one is injured. After the fumigation is complete, the area is aired out and monitored for residual gas.
Another method of fumigation is to use a control measure other than fumigation in the room, but to remove belongings that are infested to a chamber. These infested items are then fumigated and returned to the rooms. Precautions must be taken so that infested items do not spread bed bugs when they are removed and relocated.
Fumigation does not provide any residual protection, although it does penetrate all accessible areas including cracks and crevices. It will not prevent bed bug infestation and reinfestation can occur after treatment. Fumigation can be expensive overall pricing includes cost for preparation, permits, training, and security Fumigation of infested items off site by a company is less expensive than whole house fumigation.